The municipality of Zaanstad, located just north of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, recently announced its intention to adopt a policy of bilingualism for children with a migrant background. “We recognize the multilingual identity of the multilingual child and welcome every child in his entirety,” it is said in the official document. ‘We recognise and appreciate the basic language and culture of the child.'” If adopted, Zaanstad may well be the first Language Friendly municipality of the Netherlands.
Welcoming the multilingual identity of the multilingual child
The Zaanstad News reported on 5 March 2020:
“The municipality discovered that parents receive conflicting signals: one professional recommends that they speak Dutch at home, while another advises to give priority to their own language. At worst, this leads to parents giving up on their child’s language development and limit the spoken word to the most essential. But children benefit from hearing many different words and getting acquainted with the versatility of language. And that is best done in the language that the parent speaks best. The vision was drawn up in response to problems in two specific neighbourhoods, but it applies to the entire municipality.
The basic idea, that it is important that children learn the Dutch language well, is not abandoned. Rather, it will be a matter of ‘and/and’: languages are taught side by side. Crucially, parents should do their utmost best to master Dutch, so that they can support their children in the Dutch-speaking environment at school and in other activities. This will also allow them to move forward in Dutch society, according to the municipality.
The heart of the message for parents that is slated to become the norm in the future, consists of the following components:
- Talk to your child from the very beginning, even when the child is still in the belly;
- Talk to your child in the language that you know best and in which you can best express your emotions, so that a good foundation is laid for a second language;
- It is not harmful for your child’s development if he or she hears mixing of two languages; what is harmful is when you don’t talk to your child enough;
- Offer your child the second language in parallel with the first language for optimal multilingual development;
- Offer your child the best chance to learn the Dutch language well by enrolling in preschool;
- Learn Dutch yourself, so that you can talk and collaborate with teachers and others who are involved in your child’s development for the best development opportunities for your child;
- Let your child know that his or her development is important by following your child in his/her school career and taking an active role there;
- Learn Dutch well yourself and be a role model for your child, because you can actively and independently participate in Dutch society.
All professionals and volunteers who come into contact with parents of young children with a migration background are expected to adopt these principles: including midwives, youth health care, education, youth team and the Social District Team.”