Posted on September 27, 2019
Between October 2018 and March 2019, almost 50 teachers in ten cities, towns and villages across Europe, engaged in an experiment with some 65 parents and over 200 children (age 4-8) using different bilingual materials. The way they used the materials varied.
In some places, parents would come into the classroom and read stories in their home languages to the entire class, while the teacher would repeat the story in the school language. In other schools, teachers discussed with parents which materials would be taken home to practice with their children. One week, this might be a word game to match pictures with words in both the home language and the language used at school. During another week, the kids would be doing addition and subtraction in their home languages with their parents.
Afterwards, parents and teachers discussed the results with each other. The experiment was initiated by project partners of AVIOR, a project funded by the European Commission through the Erasmus+ programme. By collaborating and sharing best practices at European level, the project partners hoped to reduce the costs of producing bilingual materials, improve teacher professional competence and enhance migrant parental involvement in the learning process of their children.
The participating countries were Croatia, Italy, the Netherlands, Estonia, Germany and Greece. Schools could choose from ten different types of literacy and numeracy materials: bilingual stories, word and math games, lesson plans for teachers with suggestions for creating multilingual classroom activities and a series of themed word posters to hang up on the classroom wall.
Translations were provided in the following languages: Albanian –Arabic -Bayash –Croatian -Dutch –Chinese -English –Estonian -German –Greek -Italian –Polish –Russian –Turkish. Not all the materials were produced in every possible language combination; only those language combinations that were considered relevant for the schools were created, sometimes by the project coordinators, sometimes by the schools or the parents.
The objectives of the experiment were among others to increase the involvement of parents with a migrant background in learning processes in schools, increasing their awareness of their children’s learning processes, as well as their own role in enhancing basic numeracy and literacy skills of their children. And also to create greater insight among policy makers, school leaders and teachers about opportunities and obstacles for parental participation in learning processes of migrant children.
Results: improved communication and more involvement of parents
The results showed that using the materials indeed improved the participation and involvement of parents in the education of their children:
“Teachers mentioned that communication had improved with both the children and the parents who participated (e.g. Estonia and Croatia). For the preschool teachers in Croatia who worked with the AVIOR material, the communication with parents was reported to be even better than before. This was because the materials demonstrated to the parents that the teachers valued the language of the children and therefore also their culture, while allowing teachers to accomplish a better contact with parents.
In Greece it was reported that for the teachers the experience was ‘extremely helpful, as it gave them the chance to communicate and cooperate with the parents of the students.’ By discussing with the parents how the material would be applied at home, the teachers in Greece said that they had gained the trust from the parents about the work involved in acquiring both languages.
In Italy, the teachers found the experiment a very useful way to involve parents who were otherwise difficult to involve, by promoting an active role of parents in the education of their children. In one school, it was reported that:“the experiment created a sort of ‘cascade effect’ among the parents: if at the beginning only a few wanted to participate, others, when hearing their children reporting home what they had done in class, asked to join. As a consequence, the teachers decide to replicate the activity throughout the school year. On the other side, the parents who participated were very happy to be involved in the school–life of their children and find it easier to collaborate with the teachers on a very practical way: this may represent a good starting–point for building a stable teacher–parent relationship and communication in the future.”
Several project partners mentioned that the materials were also useful to establish better communication with what they called ‘hard to reach’ parents. In Germany, for instance, “the study primarily fostered the already positive relationship between engaged parents and teachers. However, it benefited the relationship between teachers and ‘hard-to-reach’ parents indirectly in two ways: (1) Teachers developed a better understanding for the languages and the background of the families who they know little about … Teachers feel they are now better equipped to reach out to some of the families who they found difficult to reach before. (2) Teachers and parents who participated in the study discussed several ways of how the materials could be used in the future and how more connections between their use at home and in the classroom could be created.”
The experiment also led to some unforeseen effects.
A better relationship between parents and their children
“One unexpected effect was that parents in almost all countries reported that the project contributed to a better relationship with their children and that they were learning together. In Estonia, parents saw the materials as an additional activity to engage their children to spend time together. In Greece, something parents really enjoyed was the fact that their children were able to “teach” them words and phrases in Greek and helped them improve their language performance respectively. In Croatia, as mentioned previously, in some families all members participated in doing the exercises with the child. For most parents it was the first time that they saw Bayash in the written form. Parents commented that“it was fun! We also learned how to pronounce some words accurately ourselves. So, we are learning something with our children. And playing while learning.”
More contact between parents from different language and cultural backgrounds
“This was the case in the Netherlands, where parents reported that they would normally only interact with parents who speak the same language, but now they worked together with other parents. As one parent said:“I used to take my child to school and I wouldn’t talk to anybody. But now I also have contact with the other parents. We work together. With Turkish and Spanish speaking parents.”
Boosting parents’ confidence
“Finally, for parents occupying very marginalized positions in society, we saw the AVIOR project boosted their confidence. In Croatia, for most of the Roma parents who participated, it was the first time that they saw their language (Bayash) in written form. This filled them with pride. Also, they understood that their support of their children at home has a positive influence on their children’s development and learning. The parents were intrigued by seeing school–approved usage of materials in their own language. The introduction of AVIOR materials by teachers showed parents that they and their children are respected in school. In the Netherlands, the AVIOR project provided encouragement for a mother of Turkish descent to start Dutch language classes for the first time since she arrived in the Netherlands 30 years ago.”
AVIOR was a collaboration between Risbo, Rutu Foundation, Farafina institute, NEPC, University of Western Macedonia, Praxis and Terremondo società cooperativa. The full report is available here.
After the AVIOR project was completed, our NEPC partner presented the materials at the Innovative Teachers’ Regional Conference, that took place in August 2019 in Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina. This led to teacher trainers in Kosovo who decided to translate AVIOR materials into three more languages: Serbian, Bosnian and Roma. In November 2019, 66 teachers were trained as part of the Kosovo Council of Europe’s project Fostering rapprochement through education for democracy and language learning (FRED). An estimated 500 students from 10 pilot schools were involved in classroom activities with the materials after the training.
Posted on March 11, 2019
A special blog post for International Women’s Day – by Linda Edvardsdottir
When I was nineteen years old, I volunteered in Progreso, a Ngäbe Bugle Indigenous reservation in Costa Rica. Progreso is a rural community of Indigenous peoples who are spread across a large mountain side close to the Panamanian border. There is one school and education is regarded as very important by the Ngäbe people. To get to school some children must hike in tropical heat for up to two hours. The children often arrive to school exhausted, where they then start studying in Spanish, a secondary language to their own. When it rains, rivers tend to block the roads and the kids have to be sent home early, carrying with them homework in Spanish rather than in their own language.Continue Reading
Posted on November 7, 2018
by Danielle Nijboer and Ellen-Rose Kambel Tuesday, 30 October 2018 – We gathered with experts, researchers, professionals and many multilinguals at Pakhuis de Zwijger in Amsterdam. It was the second evening in a series on Education Inequality and Multilingual Education organised by the Rutu Foundation, Multilingual Parents Amsterdam and Rethink Amsterdam. Emotions…
Posted on April 6, 2016
|Lees Jahkini’s verhaal in het Nederlands|
Let me introduce myself. My name is Jahkini and I am currently enrolled in a bilingual education programme at my high school. Furthermore, I am an active member of the student council and I also work at an Ethiopian restaurant. My mother is from a small town in the Netherlands and speaks Dutch. My father, on the other hand, was born in what is formerly known as British Guyana. In Guyana they speak English. The Guyanese version of English is comparable to Jamaican English, as they both sometimes grammatically differ from standard English. At home I speak English with my father and Dutch with my mother.
Posted on May 6, 2015
Opleving van de inheemse Negrito cultuur in de Filipijnen De inheemse volkeren met een jagers- en verzamelaarsachtergrond op de Filipijnen, waaronder de Agta, Aeta, Ati, Ata en Batak, worden gezamenlijk aangeduid als Negrito. Zij vertegenwoordigen de oudste beschaving in het land, die meer dan 40.000 jaar teruggaat. Jenne de Beer, lid van…
Posted on May 6, 2015
The indigenous peoples with a hunter gatherer background of the Philippines, among which the Agta, Aeta, Ati, Ata and Batak, are collectively referred to as Negritos. They represent the most ancient civilization in the country, going back more than 40,000 years in time. Rutu advisory board member and ethno-ecologist Jenne de Beer,…
Posted on March 26, 2015
De succesvolle herleving van de Negrito cultuur op de Filipijnen De Agta, Ata en Aeta (ook wel Negrito-volken genoemd) zijn de oudste bewoners van de Filipijnse archipel. Hun geschiedenis gaat tenminste 40.000 jaar terug. Deze jagers en verzamelaars hebben een heel eigen cultuur en ‘way of life’ met een sterke oriëntatie op…
Posted on March 10, 2015
Tijdens de jaarlijkse Internationale Dag van de Moedertaal op 21 februari wordt wereldwijd het belang van de moedertaal benoemd en gevierd. ‘Jouw taal is jouw identiteit’, zo begon voormalig schoolhoofd Greta Pané haar toespraak tijdens de viering in Galibi. ‘Probeer je taal te behouden.’ In Galibi verzamelden de inheemse inwoners van het dorp…
Posted on June 25, 2014
On the occasion of the third anniversary of the Rutu Foundation in March 2014, we made a special ‘Know your Roots' Black Heritage Tour through the Amsterdam canals. Alexandra Luke, first-year student at the Amsterdam University College reports.
On a Sunday afternoon in April, our group of twelve met at the National Monument at Dam Square, where our guide Jennifer began the tour. The semicircle behind the monument, she explained, contains urns with soil from each of the Dutch provinces: a mark of respect for the soldiers who lost their lives in World War II. Soldiers of the colonies of Suriname and the Dutch Antilles, who also fought and died for the Netherlands, were not included in this mark of respect.
So began a journey of discovery and rediscovery for all of us: we travelled back in time learning about Amsterdam’s history from the 16th century onwards, from a perspective that is sadly often ignored in our classrooms and textbooks. As we passed by historic buildings and landmarks, Jennifer helped us fill in the blanks: the Dutch Empire was great, but at what human cost did this greatness come? What are the clues, in the carvings on buildings and paintings in galleries, that reveal the role of the African diaspora, whose voice has been suppressed for so long?
Rather than a three-hour monologue from the guide, this tour was an interactive experience for the whole group. Rutu’s founder Ellen-Rose Kambel was able to share her personal connection to the city’s history, as we passed the building where a wealthy Dutch family had once kept her ancestors as slaves.
There is a philosophy behind the tour that the Rutu Foundation shares: there are some things in history that we would rather forget, but no matter how we view the past, it will always play a role in shaping our future. The Black Heritage Tour, like Rutu, encourages us not to let that past hinder us, but to use it to empower us. We cannot undo what has happened, but we can pave a future that learns from mistakes made and embraces our roots.
Amsterdam’s Black Heritage Tour is the brainchild of History enthusiast Jennifer Tosch, whose journey towards discovering her own roots led to her discovery of the roots of the city of Amsterdam. http://www.blackheritagetours.com/. Pictures of the tour, made by Kevin P. Roberson, you will find here.
Posted on March 24, 2014
Rutu Foundation presents:
Know your Roots: Black Heritage Tour of Amsterdam
- 30 minute walking tour around the Dam Square area
- 2 hour guided boat tour
- Museum entry and 30 minute tour of special exhibit
- Refreshments served on board the boat
- Rutu Foundation Special Price: €35/per person.[The Regular Price: €52,50]. Guests may pay by bank transfer or debit/credit card.