Library

A selection of books, articles, and reports on mother tongue and multilingual education. The site is updated regularly, so check back often.

To suggest a new entry: please contact info@rutufoundation.org

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  Global
Fixing broken promise Fixing the Broken Promise of Education for All (2015)
Chapter 3 of this joint UNESCO/UNICEF report on out-of-school children focuses on the language barrier in education.

Read the full report

Language Issues in Comparative Education Language Issues in Comparative Education (2013)

Comparative studies of education systems around the world, with a focus on non-dominant languages and cultures in education.

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Language & Devt conference Opportunity, Equity and Identity beyond 2015 (2013)
Papers and presentations of the 10th International Language & Development Conference held in Cape Town, South Africa.

Read more here

GCE Policy Brief Mother-Tongue Education: Policy Lessons for Quality and Inclusion (2013)
Policy Brief from the Global Campaign for Education to inform policy makers on increasing literacy rates, including latest developments from around the world.

Read the policy brief

AUSaid Introduction to Issues Introduction to Issues and Implications for Children Learning to Read in Multilingual Settings (2013)
A review of research and practices in second language literacy learning.

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Why languages matter Why Language matters for the Millennium Development Goals (2012)
Unesco brochure outlining the linkages between language and the MDGs

Read the brochure

Reflecting Language diversity Reflecting Language Diversity in Children's Schooling (2011)
Moving from 'Why Multilingual Education' to 'How?'
Results of an action research project on how multilingual education initiatives can be scaled up.

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article icon (resized) Educational Equity for Children from Diverse Language Backgrounds (2010)
Mother tongue-based bilingual or multilingual education in the early years
Review of research and program reports on mother tongue based bilingual education.

Read the summary

Social Justice through multilingual ed Social Justice Through Multilingual Education (2009)

Examples from around the world showing how multilingual schooling can be provided for indigenous and minority children.

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Bilingual Ed in 21st century Bilingual Education in the 21st Century:
A Global Perspective (2009)

A comprehensive examination of the history and current state of bilingual education programs through the world.

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Indigenous Education OECD Seminar Seminar on Indigenous Education (2007):
Effective practice, mutual learning

OECD report providing government policy advisors and programme designers with insights on successful practices to support strong futures for indigenous peoples across the world.

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  Americas & The Caribbean    
Translanguaging Guide Translanguaging in Curriculum and Instruction: Guide for Educators (2014)
Guide for educators explaining how translanguaging strategies can be used to help bilingual students. Intended for US educators but also useful for teachers elsewhere.

Read the guide

Educacion bilingue Queretaro 2014 Educación bilingüe y políticas de revitalización de Lenguas Indígenas (2014)
Collection of chapters on bilingual education and revitalization efforts for indigenous languages in Mexico (Spanish only).
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Reaching the Unreached Reaching the unreached: indigenous intercultural bilingual education in Latin America (2010)
An important overview by leading expert Luis Enrique López.

Download the paper

Intercultural multilingual ed in Latin Am Intercultural Multilingual Education in Latin America (2009)
Background and overview of intercultural multilingual education in Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Paraguay, and Norway

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Building the Nests Building the Nests: Early Childhood Indigenous Immersion Programs in BC (2006)
Study of two language nests in indigenous communities in Canada

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Bilingual Ed in South America Bilingual Education in South America (2005)

An integrated vision of bilingual education in six South American countries: Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay.

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Culture Camps Culture Camps for Language Learning Handbook: Immersion Handbook
A resource for indigenous communities on planning and carrying out language and culture immersion camps

Download the handbook

Language and Culture Immersion Handbook Language and Culture Immersion Programs Handbook
Practical tool for elders, community members, teachers and others involved in language and culture immersion.

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  Asia
Heritage language play schools Heritage Language Playschools for Indigenous Minorities (2013)

A how-to guide on establishing and operating playschool programmes for indigenous communities based on experiences in Malaysia.

Download the e-book

Action research vietnam Action Research on Mother Tongue-Based Bilingual Education in Vietnam (2012)
Programme Brief on a mother tongue pilot programme in Vietnam supported by UNICEF.

Read the Brief

MT as bridge language Mother Tongue as Bridge Language of instruction: Policies and Experiences in Southeast Asia (2009)
Compendium of language policies, case studies and general recommendations for mother tongue-based education in Southeast Asia, co-published by the World Bank

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article icon (resized) Language Development and Revitalisation: An Educational Imperative in Asia (2008)
A powerful argument for mother tongue-based multilingual education by the former director of UNESCO Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau

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article icon (resized) The Bilingual Education Policy in Singapore: Implications for Second Language Acquisition (2005)
Article on the underlying language planning of Singapore's bilingual education policy.

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  Africa    
Language Rights and Schools Language Rights and Schools
Booklet produced by the Education Rights Project in South Africa, aimed at parents, teachers and students

Download here

Giving space African voices Giving Space to African Voices. Rights in Local Languages and Local Curriculum (2014)
Collection of articles demonstrating the necessity for a locally grounded curriculum with local languages to enhance African children's rights to education.

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article icon (resized) The Kom Experimental Mother Tongue Education Project Report for 2012
Study of a mother tongue education pilot in Cameroon.

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article icon (resized) Language in Schools in Namibia: The Missing Link in Educational Achievement? (2011)
Study of attitudes to home language learning and educational success in Namibia.

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article icon (resized) To understand lessons, think through your own languages (2011)
An analysis of narratives in support of the introduction of indigenous languages in the education system in Senegal.

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article icon (resized) Steps forward and new challenges: indigenous communities and mother-tongue education in southern Africa (2008)
Article discussing the particular challenges facing the indigenous San community in southern Africa.

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article icon (resized) Bilingualism, language policies and educational strategies in Africa (2003)
Short overview article highlighting language policies in post-colonial Africa

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  Europe    
Language Mapping Sirius

Language Support for Migrant Children in Early School Years: Mapping European Policies (2014)

Based on a survey of 12 European countries, this report of the Sirius European Policy Network on Education for Migrant Children written by Ellen-Rose Kambel of the Rutu Foundation, provides an overview of language support for migrant children in primary education.

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article icon (resized) The Cost of Doing Nothing: Educating Language-Minoritized Students (2016)

Discussion paper written for the European Commission calling on policy makers to pay more attention to the experiences of language-minoritized students.

Read the report